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Quick Start with IPC SDK for iOS

Last Updated on : 2022-11-03 05:55:50download

Tuya IPC SDK for iOS is developed based on Tuya Smart Life App SDK. IoT mobile apps have gained popularity in smart device control. However, the increasing number of device categories has become a great challenge for application development. To simplify your development process, the Smart Life App SDK provides a bunch of extension SDKs. For example, the IPC SDK abstracts useful features from IP cameras (IPCs) and encapsulates APIs for communication with the devices. This SDK saves you a great deal of effort in application development.

This tutorial walks you through a few steps to get started with the IPC SDK and develop a preferred IoT app within one hour. You will learn how to implement the following features:

  • Pair an IPC with the app.
  • Preview the live video images collected by the IPC.
  • Play back video footage stored on an SD card.
  • Record the live video images from the IPC by using the app.

You can go to GitHub and download the sample code for the different features mentioned in this tutorial. Then, you can integrate the required sample code into your SDK development on the Tuya IoT Development Platform.

App SDK Development GitHub Sample

Preview

This tutorial helps you create the following sample app for iOS.

Quick Start with IPC SDK for iOS

Preparation

Before you start, the following requirements must be met:

  1. An account of the Tuya IoT Development Platform is registered, an app is built on the platform, and the values of AppKey and AppSecret of the SDK are obtained. For more information, see Preparation.

    The IPC SDK depends on the Smart Life App SDK. Therefore, you must implement certain features such as creating an app account and adding a home before you can turn IPC features into reality based on the SDK. For more information, see Quick Start with Smart Life App SDK for iOS.

  2. A Powered by Tuya IPC product is created. To get the product, visit TuyaGo.
  3. The Smart Home App SDK for iOS and the IPC SDK for iOS are integrated into your project with CocoaPods. For more information, see Fast Integration with IPC SDK for iOS.

Device pairing

Powered by Tuya IPCs support all pairing modes that are enabled by the Smart Life App SDK, for example, Wi-Fi access point (AP) or hotspot pairing and Bluetooth pairing. Especially, Tuya allows users to scan a QR code to pair an IPC.

Request a token

Similar to the Wi-Fi EZ and AP pairing modes, before the QR code pairing process, the SDK must get a pairing token from the cloud in the networked state.

The token is valid for 10 minutes and expires immediately after the device is paired. A new token must be generated if the device needs to be paired again. To get a token, the current value of homeId must be provided. Therefore, during this process, the account must be in the logged-in state and at least one home is created for the account.

[[TuyaSmartActivator sharedInstance] getTokenWithHomeId:homeId
                                                success:^(NSString *token) {
                                            //  NSLog(@"getToken success: %@", token);
                                        // you could start ConfigWiFi now
                                        } failure:^(NSError *error) {
                                        //NSLog(@"getToken failure: %@", error.localizedDescription);
                                        }
];

Provide compatibility with iOS

iOS 14

Starting from iOS 14, when users perform device pairing or control over a local area network (LAN), the local network privacy setting dialog box is triggered.

  • The app can send data to the LAN only after users tap OK.
  • Otherwise, if users tap Don’t Allow, the app cannot access the LAN.

Currently, Apple does not provide APIs to process this privacy setting. We recommend that you guide users to allow the app to access LAN data when features that require LAN connection cannot work. Specifically, go to Settings, choose Privacy > Local Network, and then allow the app to access the LAN.

iOS 13

Starting from iOS 13, if users do not allow the app to access location data, when the Wi-Fi feature is enabled, [[TuyaSmartActivator sharedInstance] currentWifiSSID] cannot return a valid Wi-Fi service set identifier (SSID) or basic service set identifier (BSSID). In this case, iOS returns the following default values:

  • SSID: WLAN or Wi-Fi. WLAN is returned for users in mainland China.
  • BSSID: 00:00:00:00:00:00.

Generate a QR code

After you get the pairing token and the SSID and password of the current Wi-Fi network, concatenate them into a string based on the following code block. Then, you can use the string to generate a QR code.

NSDictionary *dictionary = @{
                            @"s": self.ssid,
                            @"p": self.pwd,
                            @"t": self.token
                            };
NSData *jsonData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:dictionary options:0 error:nil];
self.wifiJsonStr = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:jsonData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

You must implement QR code generation with your own code or based on the GitHub Sample.

In the preceding code block, key [s p t] cannot be modified. Otherwise, pairing information cannot be parsed as expected.

Start pairing

Before the pairing process is started, the device must keep a state pending pairing. To set the device to this state, you can guide users to follow the device user manual.

After a QR code is generated, guide users to point it to the IPC. Then, the device will get the QR code information and emit a prompt tone. After the pairing process is started, the SDK continuously broadcasts the pairing data until a device is paired or the process times out.

To call the API method startConfigWiFi, you must provide the SSID of the router, password, and the token obtained from the cloud.

[TuyaSmartActivator sharedInstance].delegate = self;
[[TuyaSmartActivator sharedInstance] startConfigWiFi:TYActivatorModeQRCode ssid:ssid password:password token:token timeout:100];

The timeout parameter is set to 100 by default. Unit: seconds. You can specify any preferred value. However, a small value is not recommended. A proper value can ensure the optimal pairing performance.

Listen for the pairing result

In QR code pairing mode, you must implement the protocol TuyaSmartActivatorDelegate and listen for the callback of the pairing result.

@interface xxxViewController () <TuyaSmartActivatorDelegate>
- (void)activator:(TuyaSmartActivator *)activator didReceiveDevice:(TuyaSmartDeviceModel *)deviceModel error:(NSError *)error {
    if (deviceModel && error == nil) {
            //success
            // NSLog(@"connected success: %@", deviceModel.name);
    }

    if (error) {
        //fail
    }

// stop config
}

Stop pairing

To allow users to cancel or complete pairing during the process, you must call the API method stopConfigWiFi.

[TuyaSmartActivator sharedInstance].delegate = nil;
[[TuyaSmartActivator sharedInstance] stopConfigWiFi];

Live video streaming

Tuya IPC SDK for iOS provides basic IPC capabilities, such as live video streaming, playing back footage on an SD card, video screenshots, video recording, and live video talk with IPCs.

Step 1: Initialize an object

You must first initialize a TuyaSmartCameraType object. This object is used to read properties and methods from IPCs.

Then, you can use the videoView property of the object to get the video rendered page.

// Initializes the device.
self.device = [TuyaSmartDevice deviceWithDeviceId:devId];

// `delegate: TuyaSmartCameraDelegate` is used to listen for the peer-to-peer (P2P) connection status.
self.cameraType = [TuyaSmartCameraFactory cameraWithP2PType:@(self.device.deviceModel.p2pType) deviceId:self.device.deviceModel.devId delegate:self];

// Initializes the video previewing page.
self.videoView = self.cameraType.videoView;

We recommend that you do not create two TuyaSmartCameraType objects for the same IPC. Otherwise, exceptions might occur due to the unexpected release of resources.

Step 2: Create a P2P connection

After you initialize the TuyaSmartCameraType object, create a P2P connection. The P2P connection status is subject to your maintenance.

To create a P2P connection, you can set the parameter TuyaSmartCameraConnectMode to prioritize connections over a local area network (LAN) or the internet. When LAN connections are prioritized, if TCP connections are not created between the app and an IPC over the same LAN, or the IPC does not support prioritized LAN connections, the SDK automatically selects connections over the internet.

  • Create a connection

    [self.cameraType connectWithMode:TuyaSmartCameraConnectAuto];
    
  • Close a connection

    You can call the following API method to close a P2P connection or leave the current page.

    [self.cameraType disConnect];
    
  • Listen for the connection status

    To listen for the current connection status, implement the following events of the TuyaSmartCameraDelegate delegate.

    - (void)cameraDidConnected:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
        //...
    }
    
    // Indicates that a P2P connection is closed. This method is called only in the case of a passive disconnection. For example, the connection is closed in poor network conditions or the IPC stops the connection.
    - (void)cameraDisconnected:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
        //...
    }
    

Step 3: Preview live videos

After you create a P2P connection, you can implement live video streaming.

  • Start previewing

    [self.cameraType startPreview];
    
  • Stop previewing

    [self.cameraType stopPreview];
    
  • Listen for the connection status

    - (void)cameraDidBeginPreview:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    
    - (void)cameraDidStopPreview:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    

Video recording and live video talk

During live video streaming, video recording and live video talk are supported. For more information, see Audio and Video Features.

The recorded video footage will be automatically saved to the album of the mobile phone. Therefore, the app must be granted the following permissions:

<key>NSMicrophoneUsageDescription</key>
<string>Authorizes the app to access the microphone of the mobile phone and enables live video talk</string>
<key>NSPhotoLibraryAddUsageDescription</key>
<string>Authorizes the app to access the album of the mobile phone and enables video recording and storage</string>
<key>NSPhotoLibraryUsageDescription</key>
<string>Authorizes the app to access the album of the mobile phone and enables video recording and storage</string>
  • Start recording or live video talk

    [self.cameraType startTalk];
    [self.cameraType startRecord];
    
  • Stop recording or live video talk

    [self.cameraType stopTalk];
    [self.cameraType stopRecord];
    
  • Listen for status

    Implement the delegate events to listen for the status of video recording and live video talk.

    - (void)cameraDidBeginTalk:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    
    - (void)cameraDidStopTalk:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    
    - (void)cameraDidStartRecord:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    
    - (void)cameraDidStopRecord:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    

Playback of video footage

After video footage is saved to an SD card, it can be played back on the app based on the IPC SDK.

Similar to live video streaming, a P2P connection must be created before video footage playback.

The IPC SDK supports query and playback of video footage by day. Users can also query the dates on which video footage is available in a certain month. The query result is returned by the delegate method of TuyaSmartCameraDelegate.

The duration of the video footage stored on an SD card ranges from 10 seconds to 10 minutes. For more information, see Memory Card Management for IPCs on iOS.

Query a list of video footage

The query result is returned by the delegate method of TuyaSmartCameraDelegate.

Step 1: Query the dates on which video footage is available in a certain month

  • Make an API request

    [self.cameraType queryRecordDaysWithYear:2021 month:8];
    
  • Listen for the callback

    - (void)camera:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera didReceiveRecordDayQueryData:(NSArray<NSNumber *> *)days {
    //   days	The array of dates on which video footage is available. For example, `@[@(1), @(2)]` indicates that video footage is available on the first and second days of the month. An empty array is returned if the request failed.
    }
    

Step 2: Query the video footage stored on a certain date

Users can query the list of video footage on the dates returned in the previous step.

  • Make an API request

    [self.cameraType queryRecordTimeSliceWithYear:2021  month:8  day:30];
    
  • Listen for the callback

    - (void)camera:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera didReceiveTimeSliceQueryData:(NSArray<NSDictionary *> *)timeSlices {
    //...
    }
    

    The timeSlices field does not return video data. The dictionary stores the start and end time of video footage. The following code block shows the structure of the dictionary:

    @{
        @"kTuyaSmartPlaybackPeriodStartDate" :  NSDate   The start time of video footage.
        @"kTuyaSmartPlaybackPeriodStopDate"  :  NSDate   The end time of video footage.
        @"kTuyaSmartPlaybackPeriodStartTime" :  NSNumber The start Unix timestamp of video footage.
        @"kTuyaSmartPlaybackPeriodStopTime"  :  NSNumber The end Unix timestamp of video footage.
    }
    

Play back video footage

After the target video footage is found, it can be played back.

In the following cases, the video footage of the current date must be queried again to avoid playback exceptions:

  • After the playback of video footage, live video streaming is started.
  • A P2P connection is closed and restarted.
  • Initialize the playback page

    // Initializes the device.
    self.device = [TuyaSmartDevice deviceWithDeviceId:devId];
    
    // `delegate: TuyaSmartCameraDelegate` is used to listen for the peer-to-peer (P2P) connection status.
    self.cameraType = [TuyaSmartCameraFactory cameraWithP2PType:@(self.device.deviceModel.p2pType) deviceId:self.device.deviceModel.devId delegate:self];
    
    // Initializes the video previewing page.
    self.videoView = self.cameraType.videoView;
    
  • Start playback

    [self.cameraType startPlayback:playTime startTime:startTime stopTime:stopTime];
    

    This method includes the following three timestamp parameters:

    • playTime: the time of the initial frame to be played back. It can be set to the same value as startTime.
    • startTime: the start time of playback. It is the value of kTuyaSmartPlaybackPeriodStartTime in the returned timeSlices.
    • stopTime: the end time of playback. It is the value of kTuyaSmartPlaybackPeriodStopTime in the returned timeSlices.
  • Pause playback

    [self.cameraType pausePlayback];
    
  • Resume playback

    [self.cameraType resumePlayback];
    
  • Stop playback

    [self.cameraType stopRecord];
    
  • Listen for the callback of TuyaSmartCameraDelegate

    - (void)cameraDidBeginPlayback:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    
    - (void)cameraDidPausePlayback:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    
    - (void)cameraDidResumePlayback:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    
    - (void)cameraDidStopPlayback:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    
    - (void)cameraPlaybackDidFinished:(id<TuyaSmartCameraType>)camera {
    
    }
    

    Both pausePlayback and stopPlayback can be used to stop playback. When they are called, these rules must be followed:

    • After stopPlayback is called, resumePlayback cannot be called to resume playback. To resume playback from the time when the playback is last stopped, the timestamp of the last stopped video frame and the duration of the video footage must be saved. This way, the startPlayback method can be called to resume playback.
    • After the dates on which video footage is available are queried, startPlayback can be called to resume playback of a video fragment when another video fragment is being played back or paused. In this case, you do not need to call stopPlayback to stop the ongoing playback.

Logout

To implement logout, you must make the following request:

[TuyaSmartCameraFactory userDidLogOut];

Concepts

The video recording types supported by Powered by Tuya IPCs are classified into continuous recording and event recording.

  • Continuous recording: The duration of each video clip is 10 minutes and all video clips proceed continuously. If video recording is paused in the middle of the process, a time interval might exist between video clips in continuous recording mode.

    If all video clips on a certain date proceed continuously, a video clip is automatically followed by the next video clip during the playback. Therefore, after the playback start method is called with the first time point of the first video clip on that date, the playback will continue until the last video frame on that date. Then, the delegate callback of video playback is executed.

  • Event recording: The duration of each video clip can be different and the interval between video clips can vary.

    The video clips on a certain date can also be interrupted. For example, an interval exists between Clips A and B. In this case, playback is automatically stopped at the last video frame of Clip A.

Next step

More features are available with the IPC SDK. You can build an app based on the sample project and instructions in the IPC SDK documents.