WR1 Module Datasheet

Last Updated on : 2024-06-14 03:14:24download

The WR1 is a low-power embedded Wi-Fi module developed by Hangzhou Tuya Information Technology Co., Ltd. The module consists of a highly integrated RTL8710BN chip and external flash memory. It comes with a built-in Wi-Fi network protocol and a large number of library functions.


The WR1 also includes low power ARM CM4F, WLAN MAC, 1T1R WLAN, a maximum frequency of 125MHz, built-in 256K SRAM, 1Mbyte flash, and a wealth of peripheral resources.

The WR1 is an RTOS platform that gathers all Wi-Fi MAC and TCP/IP libraries into one place. It enables users to build on the product and develop embedded Wi-Fi products that suit their individual needs.

WR1 Module Datasheet


  • A built-in low-power 32-bit CPU that doubles as an application processor.
  • Main frequency 125MHz
  • Operating voltage: 3V-3.6V
  • Peripherals: 6xGPIOs, 2xUARTs, 1xADC
  • Wi-Fi connectivity:
    • 802.11 B/G/N20/N40
    • Channels 1-14@2.4GHz
    • Supports WEP/WPA/WPA2/WPA2 PSK (AES) security modes
    • +20dBm output in 802.11b mode
    • Supports SmartConfig (for both Android and iOS devices)
    • An onboard PCB antenna and an external antenna IPEX connector
    • CE, FCC, SRRC certified
    • Operating temperature: -20℃ to 85℃

Primary application field

  • Smart buildings
  • Smart homes/appliances
  • Medical and health
  • Industrial wireless control
  • Baby monitors
  • Webcams
  • Smart public transportation

Module interfaces

Package dimensions

The WR1 has 2 rows of pins (2x9) with a 1.5mm gap.

WR1 dimensions: 18 mm (W) x 23.5 mm (L) x 3.3 mm (H); package as shown in the following figure:

WR1 dimensional drawing:

WR1 Module Datasheet

Pin definition

Conventional pins are defined as shown in the following table:

WR1 pins description:

Pin Symbol I/O type Function
1 VCC P UART0_TXD power conversion (5V or 3.3V)
2 UART0_TXD I/O UART0_TXD (user serial port)
3 UART0_RXD I/O UART0_RXD (user serial port)
4 VD33 P Module power supply pin (3.3V)
5 GND P Ground plane
8 LOG_TXD I/O UART_Log_TXD (for printing internal information of the module)
9 GPIOA_0 I/O GPIOA_0, can not be HIGH at the moment it is powered on, but can be after powering onConfiguration
11 LOG_RXD I/O UART_Log_RXD (for printing internal information of the module)
12 GPIOA_19 I/O GPIOA_19
13 GPIOA_22 I/O GPIOA_22
14 GND P Ground plane
15 GND P Ground plane
16 CHIP_EN I/O The pin function is disabled by firmware, user can choose not to connect.
17 ADC AI ADC port, maximum input voltage 5V
18 GND P Ground plane

Note: P indicates the power pin, I/O indicates the input/output pin, and AI indicates the analog input pin.

Electrical Parameters

Absolute electrical parameters

Absolute Parameters:

Parameters Description Minimum value Maximum value Unit
Ts Storage temperature -40 105
VDD Input voltage -0.3 3.6 V
Electrostatic discharge voltage (human-body model) TAMB-25℃ - 2 KV
Electrostatic discharge voltage (machine model) TAMB-25℃ - 0.5 KV

Operating conditions

Normal operating conditions:

Parameters Description Min Typ Max Unit
Ta Operating temperature -20 - 85
VDD Operating voltage 3.0 - 3.6 V
VIL IO low input -0.3 - VDD*0.25 V
VIH IO high input VDD*0.75 - 3.6 V
VOL IO low output - - VDD*0.1 V
VOH IO high output VDD*0.8 - VDD V
Imax IO drive current - - 16 mA
Cpad Input pin capacitance - 2 - pF

Wi-Fi TX power consumption

Power consumption during continuous TX:

Symbol Mode Power Typ Unit
IRF 11b11Mbps 17dBm 287 mA
IRF 11b11Mbps 18dBm 295 mA
IRF 11g54Mbps 15dBm 255 mA
IRF 11g54Mbps 17.5dBm 267 mA
IRF 11n BW20MCS7 13dBm 244 mA
IRF 11n BW20MCS7 16.5dBm 257 mA
IRF 11n BW40MCS7 13dBm 220 mA
IRF 11n BW40MCS7 16.5dBm 230 mA

Wi-Fi RX power consumption

Power consumption during continuous RX:

Symbol Mode Typ Unit
IRF CPU sleep 90 mA
IRF CPU active 120 mA

Power consumption in operating mode

Module operating current:

Operation Mode Operating condition, TA=25 Typ Peak* Unit
Quick configuration Module in the quick net-pairing state, Wi-Fi indicator blinking 115 130 mA
Network connection idle Module connected to the network, Wi-Fi indicator constantly on 50 110 mA
Network connection active Module connected to the network, Wi-Fi indicator constantly on 120 265 mA
Disconnected Module not connected to the network, Wi-Fi indicator always off 35 90 mA

Note: The peak period is approximately 5μs.

The parameters above may vary according to the firmware.

RF Characteristics

Basic RF characteristics

Basic RF characteristics:

Parameter Description
Frequency range 2.400 to 2.4835GHz
Wi-Fi standard IEEE 802.11b/g/n (channels 1-14)
Data transfer rate
  • 11b: 1, 2, 5.5, 11 (Mbps)
  • 11g: 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 (Mbps)
  • 11n: HT20 MCS0-7
  • 11n: HT40 MCS0-7
Antenna type PCB antenna (default)U.FL RF connector external antenna (optional)

Wi-Fi output power

Continuous TX Power:

Parameter Minimum value Typical value Maximum value Unit
RF average output power, 802.11b CCK Mode 11M - 17.5 - dBm
RF average output power, 802.11g OFDM Mode 54M - 14.5 - dBm
RF average output power, 802.11n OFDM Mode MCS7 - 13.5 - dBm
Frequency error -10 - 10 ppm

Wi-Fi RX sensitivity

RX Sensitivity:

Parameter Min Typ Max Unit
PER<8%, RX sensitivity, 802.11b CCK Mode 11M - -91 - dBm
PER<10%, RX sensitivity, 802.11g OFDM Mode 54M - -75 - dBm
PER<10%, RX sensitivity, 802.11n OFDM Mode MCS7 - -72 - dBm

Antenna Signal

Antenna type

There are two antenna access modes: PCB onboard antenna and external antenna. The default method is PCB onboard antenna.

WR1 Module Datasheet

Antenna interference reduction

To optimize the performance of the Wi-Fi module in combination with the PCB onboard antenna, it is recommended to keep the antenna at least 15mm from other metal parts.

U.FL RF connector

U.FL RF connector parameters are shown in the figure below:

WR1 Module Datasheet

Packaging information and production guidance

Mechanical dimensions

WR1 Module Datasheet

WR1 Module Datasheet

Note: The PCB frame tolerance is ±0.35mm and the PCB thickness tolerance is ±0.1mm.

WR1 Module Datasheet

Production instructions

  1. The Tuya SMT module should be mounted by the SMT device. After being unpacked, it should be soldered within 24 hours. Otherwise, it should be put into the drying cupboard where the RH is not greater than 10%; or it needs to be packaged under vacuum again and the exposure time needs to be recorded (the total exposure time cannot exceed 168 hours).

    • SMT devices:
      • Mounter
      • SPI
      • Reflow soldering machine
      • Thermal profiler
      • Automated optical inspection (AOI) equipment
    • Baking devices:
      • Cabinet oven
      • Anti-electrostatic and heat-resistant trays
      • Anti-electrostatic and heat-resistant gloves
  2. Storage conditions for a delivered module:

    • The moisture-proof bag must be placed in an environment where the temperature is below 40°C and the relative humidity is lower than 90%.

    • The shelf life of a dry-packaged product is 12 months from the date when the product is packaged and sealed.

    • There is a humidity indicator card (HIC) in the packaging bag.

      WR1 Module Datasheet

  3. The module needs to be baked in the following cases:

    • The packaging bag is damaged before unpacking.
    • There is no HIC in the packaging bag.
    • After unpacking, circles of 10% and above on the HIC become pink.
    • The total exposure time has lasted for over 168 hours since unpacking.
    • More than 12 months have passed since the sealing of the bag.
  4. Baking settings:

    • Temperature: 40°C and ≤ 5% RH for reel package and 125°C and ≤5% RH for tray package (please use the heat-resistant tray rather than a plastic container)
    • Time: 168 hours for reel package and 12 hours for tray package
    • Alarm temperature: 50°C for reel package and 135°C for tray package
    • Production-ready temperature after natural cooling: < 36°C
    • Re-baking situation: If a module remains unused for over 168 hours after being baked, it needs to be baked again.
    • If a batch of modules is not baked within 168 hours, do not use the wave soldering to solder them. Because these modules are Level-3 moisture-sensitive devices, they are very likely to get damp when exposed beyond the allowable time. In this case, if they are soldered at high temperatures, it may result in device failure or poor soldering.
  5. In the whole production process, take electrostatic discharge (ESD) protective measures.

  6. To guarantee the passing rate, it is recommended that you use the SPI and AOI to monitor the quality of solder paste printing and mounting.

Recommended oven temperature curve

Set oven temperatures according to the following temperature curve of reflow soldering. The peak temperature is 245°C.

WR1 Module Datasheet

  • A: Temperature axis

  • B: Time axis

  • C: Liquidus temperature: 217 to 220°C

  • D: Ramp-up slope: 1 to 3°C/s

  • E: Duration of constant temperature: 60 to 120s; the range of constant temperature: 150 to 200°C

  • F: Duration above the liquidus: 50 to 70s

  • G: Peak temperature: 235 to 245°C

  • H: Ramp-down slope: 1 to 4°C/s

    Note: The above curve is just an example of the solder paste SAC305. For more details about other solder pastes, please refer to Recommended oven temperature curve in the solder paste specifications.

Storage conditions

WR1 Module Datasheet

MOQ and Packaging Information

Product Number MOQ (pcs) Shipping packaging method Number of modules per reel (pcs) Number of reels per carton (reel)
WR1 3600 Tape reel 900 4

Appendix: Statement

FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate this device.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Note: This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, according to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This device generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used following the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.

If this device does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the device off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

  • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
  • Increase the separation between the device and receiver.
  • Connect the device to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
  • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

Radiation Exposure Statement

This device complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled rolled environment. This device should be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20cm between the radiator and your body.

Important Note

This radio module must not be installed to co-locate and operate simultaneously with other radios in the host system except following FCC multi-transmitter product procedures. Additional testing and device authorization may be required to operate simultaneously with other radios.

The availability of some specific channels and/or operational frequency bands are country dependent and are firmware programmed at the factory to match the intended destination. The firmware setting is not accessible by the end-user.

The host product manufacturer is responsible for compliance with any other FCC rules that apply to the host not covered by the modular transmitter grant of certification. The final host product still requires Part 15 Subpart B compliance testing with the modular transmitter installed.

The end-user manual shall include all required regulatory information/warnings as shown in this manual, including “This product must be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20 cm between the radiator and user body”.

This device has got an FCC ID: 2ANDL-WR1. The end product must be labeled in a visible area with the following: “Contains Transmitter Module FCC ID: 2ANDL-WR1”.

This device is intended only for OEM integrators under the following conditions:

The antenna must be installed such that 20cm is maintained between the antenna and users, and the transmitter module may not be co-located with any other transmitter or antenna.

As long as the 2 conditions above are met, further transmitter tests will not be required. However, the OEM integrator is still responsible for testing their end-product for any additional compliance requirements required with this module installed.

Declaration of Conformity European Notice

WR1 Module Datasheet

Hereby, Hangzhou Tuya Information Technology Co., Ltd declares that this module product is in compliance with essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU,2011/65/EU. A copy of the Declaration of conformity can be found at https://www.tuya.com.

WR1 Module Datasheet

This product must not be disposed of as normal household waste, in accordance with the EU directive for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE-2012/19/EU). Instead, it should be disposed of by returning it to the point of sale, or to a municipal recycling collection point.

The device could be used with a separation distance of 20cm to the human body.