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Last Updated on : 2021-02-22 03:32:17download
CE is a compulsory product marking proposed by the European Union. All products covered by the Directive under the CE must meet the requirements of the relevant directives and be affixed with the CE marking before they can enter the EU market.
A product included by several directives need to comply with all of them and the manufacturers or importers need to issue a self-declaration of conformity to enter the EU market.
In terms of the electronic and electrical products, the common directives are as follows: RED directive (2014/53/EU), electromagnetic compatibility directive (2014/30/EU), and low voltage directive (2014/35/EU).
Introduction of ErP directive (2009/125/EC)
In order to improve the EuP Directive 2005/32/EC and extend its scope, the European Union officially issued the Ecological Requirements Directive 2009/125/EC for energy-related products on October 31, 2009. This directive defines the framework of the ecological design requirement for Energy-related Products.
The ErP Directive 2009/125./EC has replaced the original EuP Directive (2005/32/EC, 2008/28/EC) since November 20, 2009.
The IM that was originally based on the EuP directive will be converted to the IM of this directive.
Compared with the EuP Directive, the major change of the ErP Directive is to extend the Energy-using Products in the original EuP Directive to Energy-related Products, which extends the scope of the EuP Directive.
‘Energy-related product’ means any good that has an impact on energy consumption during use which is placed on the market and/or put into service, and includes parts intended to be incorporated into energy-related products covered by this Directive which are placed on the market and/or put into service as individual parts for end-users and of which the environmental performance can be assessed independently.
In addition to the energy-consuming products covered by the original EuP Directive, certain energy-related products, including products used in construction such as windows, insulation materials, or some water-using products such as shower heads or taps could also contribute to significant energy savings during use.
Like the EuP, the ErP directive does not apply to the transportation of people and cargo either.
GS certification is a voluntary certification based on German safety law and tested in accordance with EU unified standards or German safety standards. It is a recognized German safety certification mark in the Europe market.
As the awareness of GS safety certification has become popular among people, consumers are more prone to buy products with GS certification.
EAC certification of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and the Eurasian Economic Union of Armenia.
According to the Customs Union Regulation 768 on August 16, 2011, the technical regulation 004/2011 for low-voltage product safety and the technical regulation 020/2011 for electromagnetic compatibility were enforced on February 15, 2013, and the Eurasian Economic Union certification replaced the previous GOST R, STB, and GOST K. Products certified by the Eurasian Economic Union can pass freely in the Eurasian Economic Union countries (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Armenia), without having to apply for the safety and electromagnetic compatibility certification of each country individually. The certificate holders are manufacturers, importers, and distributors of member states of the Eurasian Economic Union.
In Russia, the scope of Federal Communications Agency (FAC) certification
covers wired, radio, and optical fiber communication devices connected to public telecommunication networks.
FAC certification is divided into Declaration (DOC) and Certification (COC) according to product categories. FAC and DOC can be applied based on a valid CE test report and the sample will be sent to a local laboratory. Based on the FAC and COC, the samples of specified categories are required to be sent to Russia for tests.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) certification is a compulsory certification of the United States mainly for electronic and electrical products with a spectral range from 9k Hz to 3000G Hz, covering radio interference issues involving radio and communications.
The regulatory is CFR 47 (parts 15 & 18). Part 15: IT products and other devices that radiate radio frequency energy.
Part 18: industrial, scientific, and medical devices used by mass consumers. Two FCC certification methods: SDoC Certification and FCC Certification.
Radio products are required to be certified in accordance with FCC Certification and assigned an FCC ID number in the format of
The Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED) Canada certification. This certification was originally known as the Industry Canada (IC) certification.
Since 2016, the IC certification has been renamed the ISED Canada certification. This certification is used to accredit electronic and electrical products before they can enter the Canada market. Multiple types of products are supported, including broadcast and television devices, information technology devices, radio devices, telecommunication devices, and engineering and medical devices.
This certification is similar to the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) certification. Each certified product is assigned an ISED number in the format of
CEC is the Appliance Efficiency Regulations implemented by the California Energy Commission on December 30, 2005. The purpose is to reduce energy consumption in California thus improving the energy system, promoting the economy, and maintaining a healthy environment.
The standards in this regulation apply to products sold or consigned in California. For more information, see the CEC-400-2017-002 regulation.
In order to save energy, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has made energy performance standards for the products. The relevant federal regulations are in chapters 400 to 499 of 10 CRF. Among them, electronic product manufacturers are most concerned about electronic consumer products.
The relevant regulations are in chapters 429 and 430. The most concerned consumer products that are required to comply with DOE energy performance standards are external power adapters and chargers. Among them, the DOE requirements for chargers have been implemented since June 13, 2018. The “chargers” here refer to any products that include battery charging circuits, such as mobile phones and laptops.
ANATEL is the regulatory agency for telecommunication and radio devices in Brazil. Before you can get the approval of ANATEL, you must apply for the Certificate of Conformity that is issued by a Designated Certification Body (OCD) and prepare the required documents for approval.
ANATEL is intended for radio frequency or telecommunication devices. ANATEL regulates the testing, electromagnetic compatibility, and safety standards of radio frequency and telecommunication devices. Wireless portable products with a working range of less than 20 cm and output power greater than 20mW (13dBm) must pass the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) test.
In December 2001, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine issued the Management Regulations on Compulsory Product Certification, which replaced the original imported product safety and quality licensing system and electrical product safety certification system with a compulsory product certification system.
China Compulsory Certification (CCC or 3C) is a statutory compulsory safety certification system. It is also a basic practice adopted internationally to protect the rights and interests of consumers and protect consumers’ personal and property safety.
Products listed in the Product Catalog for Compulsory Product Certification include 22 categories of products such as home appliances, automobiles, safety glass, medical devices, wires, cables, and toys.
China Quality Certification Center (CQC) is designated to undertake the 3C certification work for 17 categories of products in the catalog. Safety: Compulsory certification is required for 21 categories of products. EMC: Compulsory certification is required for certain products.
According to the Regulations on Radio Management of the People’s Republic of China, it is compulsory to apply to the national radio management agency for type approval in order to manufacture or import other radio transmission devices sold and used domestically.
The approval catalog of radio transmission device types is issued by the national radio regulatory agency. According to the revised Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Radio Management, some micro-power short-range radio transmission devices no longer need SRRC certification since December 1, 2016.
The National Communications Commission (NCC) is a regulatory agency in Taiwan to improve the development of communications in Taiwan. This agency takes charge of frequency management, radio wave detection, network domain names and websites, and international exchanges and cooperation in the communications field.
The communication and information devices must be assigned the NCC certification before they can be legally sold and used in Taiwan. The NCC involves the following types of devices: public switched telephone network (PSTN) devices, public land mobile network (PLMN) devices, Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) devices, and low-power radio-frequency devices.
The Taiwan Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection (BSMI) is the highest commodity inspection agency in Taiwan under the Ministry of Economic Affairs.
All items declared by BSMI to be inspected must be inspected and certified in accordance with the Commodity Inspection Law and approved by BSMI before they can enter the Taiwan market.
Commodity inspection execution methods are divided into four types: batch-by-batch inspection, surveillance inspection, verification landing, and conformity declaration.
The inspection methods for various commodities are designated and announced by BSMI. In Taiwan, the performance test is not an independent certification part. Its labels are divided into five levels and are under BSMI control.
The current refrigerator performance level must reach level 4 or above to apply for the BSMI and energy performance mark (compulsory).
Non-ducted air conditioners and gas stoves are also required to meet performance requirements.
BSMI and performance test certificate holders are local legal companies in Taiwan, and manufacturers in other regions can apply through Taiwan distributors.
OFCA is a compulsory radio certification in Hong Kong. Radio frequency and telecommunication products sold in Hong Kong must meet its requirements and apply for certification.
The mark and approval number shall be displayed on the product. Office of the Communications Authority (OFCA) was established on April 1, 2012, which was formerly known as the Office of the Telecommunication Authority.
South Korea’s electrical and electronic appliance safety certification system, KC-Mark Certification, is a compulsory safety certification system implemented by the Korea Institute of Technology and Standards (KATS) in accordance with the Electrical Appliance Safety Management Act on January 1, 2000.
The latest Electrical Appliances Safety Management Law requires that KC certification is divided into three categories according to the different levels of product hazards: compulsory safety certification (Safety Certification), Self-regulatory Safety Confirmation and Self Declaration Of Conformity (SDoC).
From July 1, 2012, all electrical and electronic products that apply for Korean certification within the compulsory scope must get KC certificates for their safety and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements respectively.
At present, a total of 12 categories of products, including home appliances, audio, and video products, and lighting devices, are within the scope of the KC mark certification for Korean electronics and electrical appliances.
The Korea Communications Commission (KCC) certification is a compulsory certification for information, telecommunication, and radio frequency products in the South Korean market.
The KCC certification involves electromagnetic compatibility test, telecommunication test, and radio frequency test. Korea MEPS and E-Standby In order to improve the identification of energy-saving products and promote the popularization of high-efficiency products, the Korean government has introduced a compulsory energy efficiency rating system in 1992, marking the products by leveling products on a scale from 1 to 5.
The lower limit of energy performance is the minimum energy performance standard. Importers must fulfill the obligation of labeling the products with performance identifiers, registering the products, and ensuring that products imported and sold meet the MEPS requirements.
MEPS currently applies to 35 products (excluding vehicles), including refrigerators, air conditioners, electric fans, televisions, and more.
Furthermore, the E-Standby system and the voluntary High-Efficiency Program that have been gradually enforced since 2008 have also been introduced.
There are currently 22 products listed in E-Standby, including microwave ovens, computers, monitors, TVs, stereos, and set-top boxes. A total of 44 products are listed in the High-Efficiency Program, including water pumps and LED lighting devices. Products that have passed the E-Standby standby power test can be marked with the Energy Boy identifier and registered. Products that fail must be marked with a warning identifier.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) is the agency of the Government of Japan and is responsible to regulate radio frequency and telecommunication devices. Japan Radio Law: The production, sales, and operation of wireless devices in Japan must comply with the technical regulations of the Japan Radio Law. The Japan Radio Law is also known as TELEC certification. Telecommunication Business Law: the conformity certification for telecommunication devices in Japan. All products that are connected to public telephone or telecommunication networks must be assigned this certification. This certification is also known as the JATE certification.
According to the Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law, a total of 456 products must comply with the PSE law before they can enter the Japanese market. These products are classified into two categories: category A and category B. A total of 116 types of specified electrical appliances and materials belong to category-A products. This type of product must be attached with the diamond PSE mark. A total of 341 types of non-specific electrical appliances and materials belong to category-B products. This type of product must be self-declared or certified by a third party and attached with the circle PSE mark.
The Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Information Technology devices (VCCI) mark is an EMC mark in Japan and is managed by the VCCI. VCCI certification is non-compulsory. However, the information technology products that are legally sold in Japan must pass VCCI certification in most cases. Manufacturers must apply to become a member of the VCCI before they can use the VCCI mark.
IMDA is Singapore’s institution that regulates radio and telecommunication regulations. Radio and telecommunication products must get iMDA certification before entering the market. iMDA certification has various certification forms for different product categories.
The Safety mark is a compulsory safety mark for products exported to Singapore. Electronic and electrical products sold in Singapore must be attached with the compulsory electrical safety certification of Enterprise Singapore, and be labeled with the Singapore Safety mark. ENTERPRISE SINGAPORE (Singapore Enterprise Development Agency) is responsible for promulgating and implementing the consumer rights protection registration management system (referred to as the CPS system) to ensure that the quality of home appliances (products under control) on the Singapore market meets regulatory safety requirements.
A total of 49 product types are covered by BIS, such as wireless keyboards, tablet computers, and audio products. The products must be sent to a local authorized laboratory in India for testing, and the BIS logo will be printed on the label after registration. The validity period is two years, and the registration must be applied by a local Indian company.
WPC India is the institution that regulates radio regulations in India. All radio products must get WPC approval before entering the market. There are two types of frequency bands in India: exempted from licensing and licensing required. The devices need only to get ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certification for access to frequency bands that are exempted from licensing and need to have a license for access to the licensing required frequency bands. Both the ETA and the license holder must be a locally registered company.
Telecommunication Engineering Centre-TEC of India issued a draft for communication products. All the communication products in the control list of production, import, and sales in India need to get TEC certification. And it will come into force in batches from January 1, 2019, or April 1, 2019. TEC certification can accept test reports issued by ILAC accredited laboratories before March 31, 2019. From April 1, 2019, samples must be sent to India TEC accredited laboratory for testing before certification can be issued.
The regulatory agency for radio communications and telecommunication products circulating in Indonesia is The Directorate General of Post and Telecommunication (SDPPI). The controlled products can only be imported and sold after they get the SDPPI certificate. SDPPI certification generally requires sending samples to a local authorized laboratory in Indonesia for testing to apply for a certificate. The applicant must be a local Indonesian company registered in the OSS system.
If the laboratory is in the list of SDPPI accredited laboratories, SDPPI accepts direct certificate applications with EMC and RF test reports issued by the laboratory that comply with the EU RED Directive.
SKMM is the agency that regulates communications and media in Malaysia. The regulations formulated by SKMM stipulate that all communication devices sold to the Malaysian market or used in Malaysia must comply with local standards. SIRIM QAS is an agent authorized by SKMM to handle the certification and testing of all communication devices. Therefore, the type license certificate obtained through the SIRIM QAS test or review of radio and telecommunication devices is referred to as the SIRIM certificate for short. For SIRIM technical standard, see CE standard.
The model type license certificate must be applied by a local company, and the company must apply for an E-permit account in SIRIM in the first place before applying for product certification online.
NBTC Thailand is the institution that regulates radio and telecommunication regulations in Thailand. All radio and telecommunication products must get NBTC approval before entering the market. Only locally registered companies can act as NBTC holders.
According to the specific product categories, NBTC applications are divided into Class A, Class B, and sDoC. Class A products must be tested in the laboratory designated by NBTC and the data required by NBTC must be provided to get the login number and certification. Samples are required. The Class B certification process is the same as that of Class A, except that foreign reports such as FCC, CE, CB are recognized and can be used to apply for certification. The login number and certification are also required. Samples may be required.
For SDoC product certification, the local representative of the customer in Thailand is required to complete the SDoC form and submit it together with the technical documents. For NBTC inspection only. Samples are not required.
Bureau of Product Standards (BPS) is a branch of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) of the Philippine Department of Industry and Trade.
BPS was established in accordance with Standards Act No. 4109 and Administrative Order No. 133, and is responsible for formulating and improving the Philippine standard system. In order to protect the interests of consumers, BPS has formulated and implemented the Product Certification Scheme to ensure that products imported into the Philippines meet the requirements of relevant standards.
After a manufacturer’s product is confirmed to have met the standards of the PS certification, the product receives a PS certificate from the DTI and be labeled with a PS safety mark.
All products within the scope of control that are imported into the Philippines are required to have Import Commodity Clearance (ICC) before they can enter customs and legally circulate in the market. Pursuant to Administrative Instruction No. 2008.5, BPS officially handed over the certificate-issuing authority of the Import Commodity License (ICC) to DTI on July 15, 2009.
NTC is the Philippines‘ institution that regulates radio and telecommunication regulations. Radio and telecommunication products must get NTC approval before entering the market. Only locally registered companies can act as NTC holders.
NTC approval is divided into two types: Type Approval and Type Acceptance.
The Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM) is the compliance mark for electrical and electronic products in Australia and New Zealand. These products must comply with the national standards of both countries before they can enter the markets.
The products that involve radio communication and telecommunication, electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic compatibility, and safety requirements are regulated by the RCM.
Local manufacturers, importers, or distributors must apply for the RCM certification. The products that pass the RCM certification must be printed with the RCM logo.
Australia’s energy efficiency certification was formerly named MEPS, which was replaced by Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (GEMS) in October 2012. This certification is initiated and implemented by the Australian and New Zealand governments and is a compulsory certification.
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is certified by the Seven Gulf Countries. Its member states are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, and Yemen. Since July 1, 2016, the technical specifications for some low-voltage electrical appliances in the gulf region have been fully implemented.
It is called the Gulf Technical Regulations and applies to low-voltage electrical products. GSO (GCC Standardization Organization) requires all low-voltage electrical devices and power supplies to comply with the Gulf Conformity Mark (G-MARK) requirements.
A total of 13 categories of electrical and electronic products are covered by the GCC certification, including home refrigerators, air conditioners, room heaters, food grinders, microwave ovens, and more. Whether a product is within the scope of GCC certification is determined by the custom code. Currently safety regulations and EMC reports are required to apply for GCC.
All information technology and communication device manufactured, supplied, sold, or used in Saudi Arabia must meet the technical specifications formulated by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s Communications and Information Technology Commission (CITC). Furthermore, it is required to apply for a conformity certificate issued by CITC. The RF/EMC/Health/Safety report based on CE can be approved without a local test.
Saudi Standards and Metrology Organization (SAS) and the customs of Saudi Arabia have recently released the compulsory implementation time and products of the SIRC certification.
From February 15, 2018, multiple types of products must apply to SASO and get the IECEE certificate. These products include mobile devices, mobile phone chargers, and their accessories, car batteries, mobile phone batteries, water pumps, dishwashers, TVs, motors, desktops, laptops, smart watches, and lamps.
Saudi Standards and Metrology Organization (Referred to as SAS for short) In March 2009, it was announced in the National Official Gazette that the compulsory performance labeling requirement for air conditioners, washing machines, refrigerators, and freezer products will be implemented on April 22, 2010.
Except for the current Saudi Arabian Product Conformity Certification (CoC), all the products within the scope of Saudi Arabia performance labeling including the air conditioners, washing machines, refrigerators and freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, motors, and lamps must get performance certification and be affixed with performance labels before they can legally circulate in the market.
All manufacturers and exporters must meet this new requirement, and products must have a performance certificate before entering Saudi Arabia.
The NTRA is a specialized institution responsible for telecommunication management established in accordance with Regulation No. 10 of the Telecommunications Management Law of 2003. All telecommunication devices used in Egypt, including telecommunication terminal devices, radio communication products, and information technology products, must meet the examination requirements of the National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (NTRA). CE and EU-Type Examination Certificates are required for the examination.
National Regulator for Compulsory Specification (NRCS) is the South African National Compulsory Standards Management Committee.
The electrical and electronic products and components in its compulsory specification are included in the scope of NRCS compulsory certification and must be registered in the NRCS system to apply for a Letter of Authority (LOA) before entering the South African market. Furthermore, the South African Department of Energy requires certain electrical products to comply with the MEPS.
The product categories include air conditioners, audio-visual devices, dishwashers, ovens, refrigerators, freezers, storage water heaters, washing machines, clothes dryers, washing and drying all-in-one. The products within this performance scope are also required to apply for an LOA on the NRCS system.
The South African Bureau of Standards (SABS) standards law stipulates that most electrical and electronic products and components are included in the compulsory certification scope of the South African Electromagnetic Compatibility Certificate of Conformity (SABS EMC COC). It consists of EMI and EMS. For wireless products, it is only required to apply for ICASA instead of SABS EMC COC.
The Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) is the regulator of South Africa’s communications, broadcasting, and postal services.
All Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (RTTE), no matter imported to or manufactured in South Africa for distribution, commercial or private use, requires ICASA type certification.
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