WXU Module Datasheet

Last Updated on : 2024-06-14 16:16:04download

WXU is a low-power embedded Wi-Fi and Bluetooth combo module that Tuya has developed. Embedded with the Wi-Fi network protocol stack and rich library functions, it consists of a highly integrated RF chip (T103C-HL).

Overview

With the maximum CPU clock rate of 160 MHz, WXU also contains a low-power ARMv8 MCU, a WLAN MAC, a 1T1R WLAN, a 320-KB SRAM, a 2-MB flash memory, and extensive peripherals.

WXU is an RTOS platform that integrates all function libraries of the Wi-Fi MAC and TCP/IP protocol. You can develop embedded Wi-Fi products as required.

Features

  • Embedded low-power ARMv8 MCU, which can also function as an application processor
    • Main clock rate: 160 MHz
  • Working voltage: 2.5 to 5.5V
  • Peripherals: 13 GPIOs, 1 Data UART, 1 log UART, and 1×ADC
  • Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity
    • 802.11 b/g/n20
    • Channels 1 to 14@2.4 GHz (CH1 to 11 for US/CA and CH1 to 13 for EU/CN)
    • Support WEP, WPA, WPA2, and WPA2 PSK (AES) security modes
    • Support Bluetooth Low Energy 5.0
    • Up to + 20 dBm output power in 802.11b mode
    • Support the SmartConfig function for Android and iOS devices
    • Onboard PCB antenna
    • Passed CE and FCC certifications
    • Working temperature: -40°C to 85°C

Applications

  • Intelligent building
  • Smart household and home appliances
  • Smart socket and light
  • Industrial wireless control
  • Baby monitor
  • Network camera
  • Intelligent bus

Module interfaces

Dimensions and package

WXU has 3 rows of pins. The spacing of pins at the two sides is 1.4 mm, and the spacing of pins at the bottom is 1.8 mm.

The dimensions of WXU are 15.8±0.35 mm (W) × 20.3±0.35 mm (L) × 2.5±0.15 mm (H). The dimensions of WXU are as follows:

WXU Module Datasheet

Pin definition

Pin number Symbol II/O type Function
1 PB07 I/O GPIOB_7, common GPIO, which can be reused as SPI_SCK and corresponds to Pin 23 of the IC
2 PB04 I/O GPIOB_4, common GPIO, which can be reused as SPI_MOSI and corresponds to Pin 22 of the IC
3 RX1 I/O GPIOB_15, common GPIO, UART1_RXD (user serial interface), which corresponds to Pin 26 of the IC
4 TX1 I/O GPIOB_14, common GPIO, UART1_TXD (user serial interface), which corresponds to Pin 27 of the IC
5 ADC I/O GPIOA_11, common GPIO, which can be used as ADC. The range of input voltage is 0 to 2.5V. Correspond to Pin 4 of the IC.
6 RX2 I/O GPIOA_21, UART2_Log_RXD (used to receive the external logs of the module), which can be configured as a common GPIO
7 TX2 I/O GPIOA_22, UART2_Log_TXD (used to send the internal logs of the module), which can be configured as a common GPIO
8 PB03 I/O GPIOB_03, hardware PWM, which corresponds to Pin 24 of the IC
9 PA20 I/O GPIOA_20, hardware PWM, which corresponds to Pin 8 of the IC
10 PA19 I/O GPIOA_19, hardware PWM, which corresponds to Pin 7 of the IC
11 PA13 I/O GPIOA_13, hardware PWM, which corresponds to Pin 6 of the IC
12 PA23 I/O GPIOA_23, common GPIO, which corresponds to Pin 11 of the IC. PA23 is not recommended to pull up. If a high level is detected during power on startup or reset, it will enter the test mode.
13 GND P Power supply reference ground
14 VBAT P Power supply pin (Typical 3.3V)
15 TX0 I/O GPIOB_00, UART0_TXD (user serial interface)
16 RX0 I/O GPIOB_01, UART0_RXD (user serial interface)
17 PB02 I/O GPIOB_02, common GPIO, which corresponds to Pin 25 of the IC. PB02 is not recommended to pull down. If a low level is detected during power on startup or reset, it will enter the firmware burning mode.
18 RSTN I/O Enabling pin, active at the low level. The module has been pulled to a high level and the user can control the pin externally
19 PA12 I/O GPIOA_12, hardware PWM, which corresponds to Pin 5 of the IC
20 PB05 I/O GPIOB_5, common GPIO, which can be reused as SPI_MISO and corresponds to Pin 21 of the IC
21 PB06 I/O GPIOB_6, common GPIO, which can be reused as SPI_CS and corresponds to Pin 20 of the IC

P indicates a power supply pin and I/O indicates an input/output pin.

Electrical parameters

Absolute electrical parameters

Parameter Description Minimum value Maximum value Unit
Ts Storage temperature -55 125 °C
VBAT Power supply voltage -0.3 5.5 V
ESD voltage (human body model) TAMB-25°C - 2 KV
ESD voltage (machine model) TAMB-25°C - 0.5 KV

Working conditions

Parameter Description Minimum value Typical value Maximum value Unit
Ta Working temperature -40 - 85 °C
VBAT Working voltage 2.5 - 5.5 V
VIL I/O low level input -0.3 - 1.32 V
VIH I/O high level input 2.06 - 3.6 V
VOL I/O low level output -0.3 - 0.4 V
VOH I/O high level output 2.9 - 3.6 V
Imax I/O drive current - - 30 mA
Cpad Input pin capacitance - 2 - pF

RF power consumption

TX power consumption:

Symbol Mode Power Average value Peak value (Typical value) Unit
IRF 11b 1Mbps 17 dBm 141 280 mA
IRF 11b 11Mbps 17 dBm 135 284 mA
IRF 11g 6Mbps 16 dBm 137 276 mA
IRF 11g 54Mbps 16 dBm 174 284 mA
IRF 11n BW20 MCS0 16 dBm 140 276 mA
IRF 11n BW20 MCS7 15 dBm 126 268 mA

RX power consumption:

Symbol Mode Average value Peak value (Typical value) Unit
IRF 11B 1M 40 56 mA
IRF 11B 11M 41 56 mA
IRF 11G 6M 40 56 mA
IRF 11G 54M 40 56 mA
IRF 11N HT20 MCS0 40 56 mA
IRF 11N HT20 MCS7 40 56 mA

Working power consumption

Working mode Working status, Ta = 25°C Average value Maximum value (Typical value) Unit
Quick network connection state (Bluetooth) The module is in the fast network connection state and the Wi-Fi indicator flashes fast 46 400 mA
Quick network connection state (AP) The module is in the hotspot network connection state and the Wi-Fi indicator flashes slowly 55 412 mA
Quick network connection state (EZ) The module is in the fast network connection state and the Wi-Fi indicator flashes fast 47 408 mA
No operation during network connection The module is connected to the network and the Wi-Fi indicator is always on 12 310 mA
Operations are being performed during network connection The module is connected to the network and the Wi-Fi indicator is always on 34 372 mA
Weakly connected The module and the hotspot are weakly connected and the Wi-Fi indicator light is always on 39 378 mA
Disconnected The module is in a disconnected state and the Wi-Fi indicator light is always off 57 420 mA
Module disabled The EN pin of the module is connected to the ground. 23 20 mA
DTIM10 The module is in low power consumption mode and wakes up once every 1000 ms 230 / μA
Low power consumption mode RX The module MCU is in the Sleep state, Wi-Fi is in the Active state, and the RX listening beacon is turned on, once every 1000 ms 25 / mA

When the module is powered on, started/reset, and works normally, there is a high instantaneous peak current. It is recommended that the customer’s backplane add two 22μF/withstand voltage 25V/0805 packaged large capacitors at the power input of the module. The above test data is based on adding two 22μF capacitors. The recommended current is greater than 500mA during normal operation.

RF parameters

Basic RF features

Parameter Description
Frequency range 2.400 to 2.4835 GHz
Wi-Fi standard IEEE 802.11b/g/n (channels 1 to 14)
Bluetooth standard Bluetooth 5.0: 1/2Mbps
Data transmission rate 11b: 1, 2, 5.5, 11 (Mbps)
11g: 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 (Mbps)
11n: HT20 MCS0 to 7
Antenna type PCB antenna with a gain of 1.01 dBi

TX performance

TX performance:

Parameter Minimum value Typical value Maximum value Unit
Average RF output power, 802.11b CCK Mode 1M - 17 - dBm
Average RF output power, 802.11b CCK Mode 11M - 17 - dBm
Average RF output power, 802.11g OFDM Mode 6M - 16 - dBm
Average RF output power, 802.11g OFDM Mode 54M - 16 - dBm
Average RF output power, 802.11n OFDM Mode MCS0 - 16 - dBm
Average RF output power, 802.11n OFDM Mode MCS7 - 15 - dBm
Average RF output power, Bluetooth 5.0 1M - 7 - dBm
Frequency error -20 - 20 ppm
EVM@802.11b CCK 11 Mbps Mode 17 dBm - - -17 dB
EVM@802.11g OFDM 54 Mbps Mode 16 dBm - - -29 dB
EVM@802.11n OFDM MCS7 Mode 15 dBm - - -30 dB

RX Performance:

Parameter Minimum Value Typical Value Maximum Value Unit
PER<8%, RX sensitivity, 802.11b CCK Mode 1M - -96 - dBm
PER<8%, RX sensitivity, 802.11b CCK Mode 11M - -90 - dBm
PER<10%, RX sensitivity, 802.11g OFDM Mode 6M - -91 - dBm
PER<10%, RX sensitivity, 802.11g OFDM Mode 54M - -75 - dBm
PER<10%, RX sensitivity, 802.11n OFDM Mode MCS0 - -91 - dBm
PER<10%, RX sensitivity, 802.11n OFDM Mode MCS7 - -72 - dBm
PER<10%, RX sensitivity, Bluetooth 5.0 1M - -95 - dBm
PER<10%, RX sensitivity, Bluetooth 5.0 2M - -93 - dBm

Antenna information

Antenna type

WXU uses only the onboard PCB antenna with a gain of 1.01 dBi.

Antenna interference reduction

To ensure optimal Wi-Fi performance when the Wi-Fi module uses an onboard PCB antenna, it is recommended that the antenna be at least 15 mm away from other metal parts.

Packaging information and production instructions

Mechanical dimensions

The mechanical dimensions of the PCB of WXU are 15.8±0.35 mm (W) × 20.3±0.35 mm (L) × 1.0±0.1 mm (H). The following figure shows the mechanical dimensions of WXU:

WXU Module Datasheet

WXU Module Datasheet

WXU Module Datasheet

The default dimensional tolerance is ±0.35 mm. If customers have specific requirements on dimensions, they should make them clear in the module datasheet after communication.

Recommended PCB packaging

The following figure is the schematic diagram of WXU:

WXU Module Datasheet

The following figure is the diagram of PCB packaging:

WXU Module Datasheet

Production instructions

  1. For the modules that can be packaged with the SMT or in an in-line way, you can select either of them according to the PCB design solutions of customers. If a PCB is designed to be SMT-packaged, package the module with the SMT. If a PCB is designed to be in-line-packaged, package the module in an in-line way. After being unpacked, the module must be soldered within 24 hours. Otherwise, it needs to be put into the drying cupboard where the relative humidity is not greater than 10%; or it needs to be packaged again under vacuum and the exposure time needs to be recorded (the total exposure time cannot exceed 168 hours).

    • (SMT process) SMT devices:
      • Mounter
      • SPI
      • Reflow soldering machine
      • Thermal profiler
      • Automated optical inspection (AOI) equipment
    • (Wave soldering process) Wave soldering devices:
      • Wave soldering equipment
      • Wave soldering fixture
      • Constant-temperature soldering iron
      • Tin bar, tin wire, and flux
      • Thermal profiler
    • Baking devices:
      • Cabinet oven
      • Anti-electrostatic and heat-resistant trays
      • Anti-electrostatic and heat-resistant gloves
  2. Storage conditions for a delivered module:

    • The moisture-proof bag must be placed in an environment where the temperature is below 40°C and the relative humidity is lower than 90%.

    • The shelf life of a dry-packaged product is 12 months from the date when the product is packaged and sealed.

    • There is a humidity indicator card (HIC) in the packaging bag.

      WXU Module Datasheet

  3. The module needs to be baked in the following cases:

    • The packaging bag is damaged before unpacking.
    • There is no humidity indicator card (HIC) in the packaging bag.
    • After unpacking, circles of 10% and above on the HIC become pink.
    • The total exposure time has lasted for over 168 hours since unpacking.
    • More than 12 months have passed since the sealing of the bag.
  4. Baking settings:

    • Temperature: 40°C and ≤ 5% RH for reel package and 125°C and ≤5% RH for tray package (please use the heat-resistant tray rather than plastic container)
    • Time: 168 hours for reel package and 12 hours for tray package
    • Alarm temperature: 50°C for reel package and 135°C for tray package
    • Production-ready temperature after natural cooling: < 36°C
    • Re-baking situation: If a module remains unused for over 168 hours after being baked, it needs to be baked again.
    • If a batch of modules is not baked within 168 hours, do not use wave soldering to solder them. Because these modules are Level-3 moisture-sensitive devices, they are very likely to get damp when exposed beyond the allowable time. In this case, if they are soldered at high temperatures, it may result in device failure or poor soldering.
  5. In the whole production process, take electrostatic discharge (ESD) protective measures.

  6. To guarantee the passing rate, it is recommended that you use the SPI and AOI to monitor the quality of solder paste printing and mounting.

Recommended oven temperature curve

Select a proper soldering manner according to the process. For the SMT process, please refer to the recommended oven temperature curve of reflow soldering. For the wave soldering process, please refer to the recommended oven temperature curve of wave soldering. There are some differences between the set temperatures and the actual temperatures. All the temperatures shown in this module datasheet are obtained through actual measurements.

Manner 1: SMT process (Recommended oven temperature curve of reflow soldering)

Set oven temperatures according to the following curve.

WXU Module Datasheet

  • A: Temperature axis

  • B: Time axis

  • C: Liquidus temperature: 217 to 220°C

  • D: Ramp-up slope: 1 to 3°C/s

  • E: Duration of constant temperature: 60 to 120s; the range of constant temperature: 150 to 200°C

  • F: Duration above the liquidus: 50 to 70s

  • G: Peak temperature: 235 to 245°C

  • H: Ramp-down slope: 1 to 4°C/s

    The above curve is just an example of the solder paste SAC305. For more details about other solder pastes, please refer to Recommended oven temperature curve in the solder paste specifications.

Manner 2: Wave soldering process (Oven temperature curve of wave soldering)

Set oven temperatures according to the following temperature curve of wave soldering. The peak temperature is 260°C±5°C.

WXU Module Datasheet
Suggestions on oven temperature curve of wave soldering Suggestions on manual soldering temperature
Preheat temperature 80 to 130 °C Soldering temperature 360±20°C
Preheat time 75 to 100s Soldering time <3s/point
Peak contact time 3 to 5s NA NA
Temperature of tin cylinder 260±5°C NA NA
Ramp-up slope ≤2°C/s NA NA
Ramp-down slope ≤6°C/s NA NA

Storage conditions

WXU Module Datasheet

MOQ and packaging information

Product number MOQ (pcs) Packing method The number of modules per reel The number of reels per carton
WXU 4400 Tape reel 1100 4

Appendix: Statement

FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate this device.
The module is limited to installation in mobile or fixed applications.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Note: This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, according to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This device generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used following the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.

If this device does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the device off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

  • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
  • Increase the separation between the device and receiver.
  • Connect the device to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
  • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

Radiation Exposure Statement

This device complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled rolled environment. This device should be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20cm between the radiator and your body.

Important Note

This radio module must not be installed to co-locate and operate simultaneously with other radios in the host system except by following FCC multi-transmitter product procedures. Additional testing and device authorization may be required to operate simultaneously with other radios.

The availability of some specific channels and/or operational frequency bands are country dependent and are firmware programmed at the factory to match the intended destination. The firmware setting is not accessible to the end-user.

The host product manufacturer is responsible for compliance with any other FCC rules that apply to the host not covered by the modular transmitter grant of certification. The final host product still requires Part 15 Subpart B compliance testing with the modular transmitter installed. The separate approval is required for all other operating configurations including portable configurations with respect to Part 2.1093 and different antenna configuration.

The end-user manual shall include all required regulatory information/warnings as shown in this manual, including “This product must be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20 cm between the radiator and user body”. The OEM integrator is responsible for ensuring that the end-user has no manual instructions to remove or install the module.

This device has got an FCC ID: 2ANDL-WXU. The end product must be labeled in a visible area with the following: “Contains Transmitter Module FCC ID: 2ANDL-WXU”.

This device is intended only for OEM integrators under the following conditions:

The antenna must be installed such that 20cm is maintained between the antenna and users, and the transmitter module may not be co-located with any other transmitter or antenna.

As long as the 2 conditions above are met, further transmitter tests will not be required. However, the OEM integrator is still responsible for testing their end-product for any additional compliance requirements required with this module installed.

Declaration of Conformity European Notice

WXU Module Datasheet

Hereby, Hangzhou Tuya Information Technology Co., Ltd declares that this module product is in compliance with essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU, 2011/65/EU. A copy of the Declaration of conformity can be found at https://www.tuya.com.

WXU Module Datasheet

This product must not be disposed of as normal household waste, in accordance with the EU directive for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE-2012/19/EU). Instead, it should be disposed of by returning it to the point of sale, or to a municipal recycling collection point.

The device could be used with a separation distance of 20cm from the human body.