T1-2S Module Datasheet

Last Updated on : 2024-04-15 03:25:15download

T1-2S module is a Wi-Fi and Bluetooth Low Energy (LE) combo module developed by Tuya Smart. It is composed of a highly integrated radio-frequency identification (RFID) chip T1A and a few peripheral components. It can run in the station (STA) mode and access point (AP) mode as well as support connection over Bluetooth LE.

Overview

T1-2S has a built-in 32-bit MCU with a maximum running speed of 160 MHz, built-in 1 MB flash memory, and 288 KB RAM. The module supports cloud connectivity, and the MCU’s extended instructions for signal processing enable it to efficiently implement audio encoding and decoding. Various peripherals are available, such as PWM, UART, and SPI. Up to five channels of 32-bit PWM output make the chip ideal for high-quality LED control.

Features

  • Built-in low-power 32-bit MCU that also acts as an application processor.
  • Clock rate of 160 MHz.
  • Operating voltage: 3.0V to 3.6V.
  • Peripherals: 5 pulse-width modulators (PWMs) and 2 universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter (UART) pins.
  • Wi-Fi connectivity
    • IEEE 802.11b/g/n.
    • Channels 1 to 14 at 2.4 GHz.
    • Supports WEP, WPA/WPA2, WPA/WPA2 PSK (AES), and WPA3 security modes.
    • The maximum output power is +17 dBm for IEEE 802.11b transmission.
    • Supports STA, AP, and STA + AP combo working modes.
    • Two pairing modes are supported, namely Wi-Fi Easy Connect (EZ mode) and access point (AP) mode. Both modes are available on Android and iOS devices.
    • The onboard PCB antenna has a peak gain of 2.2 dBi.
    • Operating temperature: -40°C to +85°C.
  • Bluetooth connectivity
    • Bluetooth Core Specification v5.2.
    • The transmitter power in Bluetooth mode is 6 dBm.
    • Integral Wi-Fi and Bluetooth coexistence interface.
    • The onboard PCB antenna has a peak gain of 2.2 dBi.

Applications

  • Smart building
  • Smart home and electrical appliance
  • Smart socket and light
  • Industrial wireless control
  • Baby monitor
  • IP camera
  • Smart bus

Module interfaces

Dimensions and footprint

The T1-2S dimensions are 14.99±0.35 mm (W) × 17.91±0.35 mm (L) × 2.8±0.15 mm (H). The following figure shows the dimensions of the T1-2S module.

T1-2S Module Datasheet

Pin definition

Pin No. Symbol I/O type Feature
1 3V3 P 3.3V power pin.
2 P26 I/O Support hardware PWM, corresponding to Pin 11 on the IC.
3 GND P Ground pin.
4 P6 I/O Support hardware PWM, corresponding to Pin 12 on the IC.
5 RX1 I/O UART_RX1 to receive user data, corresponding to Pin 15 on the IC.
6 P8 I/O Support hardware PWM, corresponding to Pin 13 on the IC.
7 TX1 I/O UART_TX1 to send user data, corresponding to Pin 16 on the IC.
8 ADC I/O An ADC pin, corresponding to P12 (Pin 17) on the IC.
9 P9 I/O Support hardware PWM, corresponding to Pin 14 on the IC.
10 CEN I/O The reset pin, active low, and pulled up internally. It is compatible with the designs of other modules. Corresponding to Pin 9 on the IC.
11 P24 I/O Support hardware PWM, corresponding to Pin 10 on the IC.
  • P indicates the power pin, and I/O indicates the input and output pin.
  • For more information about MCU general integration, see Hardware Design of CBx Module.

Electrical parameters

Absolute electrical parameters

Parameter Description Min value Max value Unit
Ts Storage temperature -55 125 °C
VBAT Supply voltage -0.3 3.9 V
Electrostatic discharge voltage (human body model) TAMB -25°C -4 4 kV
Electrostatic discharge voltage (machine model) TAMB -25°C -200 200 V

Working conditions

Parameter Description Min value Typical value Max value Unit
Ta Operating temperature -40 N/A 85 °C
VBAT Supply voltage 3 3.3 3.6 V
VOL I/O low-level input VSS N/A VSS + 0.3 V
VOH I/O high-level output VBAT − 0.3 - VBAT V
Imax I/O drive current - 6 20 mA

Radio frequency (RF) power

Working status Mode Rate Transmit/Receive power Average value Peak (Typical) value Unit
Transmit 11b 11 Mbit/s +17 dBm 390 445 mA
Transmit 11g 54 Mbit/s +15 dBm 370 420 mA
Transmit 11n MCS7 +14 dBm 360 405 mA
Receive 11b 11 Mbit/s Continuous reception 37 45 mA
Receive 11g 54 Mbit/s Continuous reception 37 45 mA
Receive 11n MCS7 Continuous reception 37 45 mA

Operating current

Working mode Status (Ta = 25°C) Average value Peak (Typical) value Unit
Quick pairing (Bluetooth) The module is in EZ mode. The Wi-Fi network status indicator blinks quickly. 80 430 mA
Quick pairing (AP) The module is in AP mode. The Wi-Fi network status indicator blinks slowly. 85 450 mA
Quick pairing (EZ) The module is in EZ mode. The Wi-Fi network status indicator blinks quickly. 87 450 mA
Connected The module is connected to the cloud. The Wi-Fi network status indicator is steady on. 90 430 mA
Weakly connected The connection between the module and the hotspot is intermittent. The Wi-Fi network status indicator is steady on. 190 460 mA
Disconnected The module is disconnected from the cloud. The Wi-Fi network status indicator is steady off. 67 420 mA
Module disabled The module’s clock enable (CEN) pin is pulled down. 330 N/A μA

RF parameters

Basic RF features

Parameter Description
Operating frequency 2.412 to 2.484 GHz
Wi-Fi standard IEEE 802.11b/g/n (channels 1–14)
Data transmission rate
  • 11b: 1, 2, 5.5, and 11 Mbit/s
  • 11g: 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 54 Mbit/s
  • 11n: HT20 MCS0-7
Antenna type PCB antenna

Wi-Fi transmitter (TX) performance

Parameter Min value Typical value Max value Unit
RF average output power, 802.11b CCK mode, 11M - 17 - dBm
RF average output power, 802.11g OFDM mode, 54M - 15 - dBm
RF average output power, 802.11n OFDM mode, MCS7 (HT20) - 14 - dBm
Frequency error -20 - 20 ppm

Wi-Fi receiver (RX) performance

Parameter Min value Typical value Max value Unit
PER < 8%, RX sensitivity, 802.11b DSSS mode, 11M - -88 - dBm
PER < 10%, RX sensitivity, 802.11g OFDM mode, 54M - -75 - dBm
PER < 10%, RX sensitivity, 802.11n OFDM mode, MCS7 (HT20) - -73 - dBm
PER < 10%, RX sensitivity, Bluetooth, 1M - -96 - dBm

Bluetooth transmitter (TX) performance

Parameter Min value Typical value Max value Unit
Operating frequency 2402 - 2480 MHz
Transmission rate over the air - 1 - Mbit/s
Transmission power -20 6 20 dBm
Frequency error -150 - 150 KHz

Bluetooth RX performance

Parameter Min value Typical value Max value Unit
RX sensitivity - -96 - dBm
Max RF signal input -10 - - dBm
Intermodulation - - -23 dBm
Adjacent-channel rejection ratio - 10 - dB

Antenna information

Antenna type

The T1-2S module uses an onboard PCB antenna.

Antenna interference reduction

When a PCB antenna is used on a Wi-Fi module, we recommend that the module antenna is at least 15 mm away from other metal components. This can optimize the Wi-Fi performance.

Make sure that the enclosure surrounding the antenna is not traced or filled with copper. Otherwise, the RF performance might be degraded.

Packing and production instructions

Mechanical dimensions

Dimensions of the T1-2S PCB are 14.99±0.35 mm (W) × 17.91±0.35 mm (L) × 0.8±0.15 mm (H).

T1-2S Module Datasheet

T1-2S Module Datasheet
T1-2S Module Datasheet

The following figure shows the recommended footprint of the T1-2S module.

T1-2S Module Datasheet

Production instructions

  1. For the modules that can be packaged with the surface-mount technology (SMT) or in in-line form, you can select either of them according to the PCB design solutions of customers. If a PCB is designed to be SMT-packaged, package the module with the SMT. If a PCB is designed to use an in-line package, use wave soldering. If the production is paused for over 24 hours after the module is unpacked, we recommend that you place the module in a moisture-proof box with a relative humidity level below 10%, or pack the module in vacuum again. Then, record the packing time and duration of exposure. The total exposure time cannot exceed 168 hours.

    • Instruments or devices required for the SMT process:
      • Surface mount system
      • SPI
      • Reflow soldering
      • Thermal profiler
      • Automated optical inspection (AOI) equipment
    • Instruments or devices required for the wave soldering process:
      • Wave soldering equipment
      • Wave soldering fixture
      • Constant-temperature soldering iron
      • Tin bar, tin wire, and flux
      • Thermal profiler
    • Instruments or devices required for the baking process:
      • Cabinet oven
      • Anti-electrostatic and heat-resistant trays
      • Anti-electrostatic and heat-resistant gloves
  2. A delivered module must meet the following storage requirements:

    • The moisture-proof bag must be placed in an environment where the temperature is below 40°C and the relative humidity is lower than 90%.

    • The shelf life of a dry-packaged product is 12 months from the date when the product is packaged and sealed.

    • A humidity indication card (HIC) is put in the sealed package.

      T1-2S Module Datasheet
  3. The module needs to be baked in the following cases:

    • The vacuum packaging bag is damaged before unpacking.
    • After unpacking, no HIC is found in the packaging bag.
    • After unpacking, the HIC indicates a humidity level of 10% or higher (the circle turns pink on the HIC).
    • The total exposure time has lasted for over 168 hours since unpacking.
    • More than 12 months have passed since the first sealing of the bag.
  4. The baking parameter settings are described below:

    • Baking temperature: 40°C for reel packaging with relative humidity ≤ 5%. And 125°C for tray packaging with relative humidity ≤ 5% (use the heat-resistant tray, rather than plastic containers).
    • Baking time: 168 hours for reel packaging and 12 hours for tray packaging.
    • Temperature for triggering an alert: 50°C for reel packaging and 135°C for tray packaging.
    • Production can begin after a module has cooled below 36°C under natural conditions.
    • If a module remains unused for over 168 hours after being baked, it needs to be baked again.
    • If a batch of modules is not baked after exposure for more than 168 hours, do not use reflow soldering or wave soldering to solder them. Because these modules are level-3 moisture-sensitive devices, they are very likely to get damp when exposed beyond the allowable time. In this case, if they are soldered at high temperatures, device failure or poor soldering performance might occur.
  5. In the whole production process, take electrostatic discharge (ESD) protective measures.

  6. To guarantee the pass rate, we recommend that you use the SPI and AOI to monitor the quality of solder paste printing and mounting.

Recommended oven temperature curve

Select a proper soldering technique according to the process. For the SMT process, refer to the recommended oven temperature curve of reflow soldering. For the wave soldering process, refer to the recommended oven temperature curve of wave soldering. The set temperatures might deviate from the actual temperature measurements. All the temperatures shown in this module datasheet are obtained through actual measurements.

Technique 1: SMT process (Recommended oven temperature curve of reflow soldering)

Set the oven temperatures according to the following curve.

T1-2S Module Datasheet
  • A: temperature axis

  • B: time axis

  • C: alloy liquidus temperature from 217°C to 220°C

  • D: ramp-up slope from 1°C/s to 3°C/s

  • E: constant temperature time from 60s to 120s, constant temperature from 150°C to 200°C

  • F: temperature above liquidus temperature for 50s to 70s

  • G: peak temperature from 235°C to 245°C

  • H: Ramp-down slope from 1°C/s to 4°C/s

    The curve above is based on solder paste SAC305. For more information about other solder pastes, see the recommended oven temperature curve in the specified solder paste specifications.

Technique 2: Wave soldering process (Oven temperature curve of wave soldering)

Set the oven temperatures according to the following temperature curve of wave soldering. The peak temperature is 260°C±5°C.

T1-2S Module Datasheet
Suggestions on wave soldering Suggestions on manual soldering
Preheat temperature 80°C to 130°C Soldering temperature 360°C ± 20°C
Preheat duration 75s to 100s Soldering duration Less than 3s/point
Contact duration at the peak 3s to 5s N/A N/A
Solder tank temperature 260 ± 5°C N/A N/A
Ramp-up slope ≤ 2°C/s N/A N/A
Ramp-down slope ≤ 6°C/s N/A N/A

Storage conditions

T1-2S Module Datasheet

MOQ and packaging information

Product model MOQ (pcs) Shipping packaging Modules per reel Reels per carton
T1-2S 4400 Tape and reel 1,100 4

Appendix: Statement

FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate this device. The module is limited to installation in mobile or fixed applications.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Note: This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, according to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This device generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used following the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.

If this device does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the device off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

  • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
  • Increase the separation between the device and receiver.
  • Connect the device to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
  • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

Radiation Exposure Statement

This device complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled rolled environment. This device should be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20cm between the radiator and your body.

Important Note

This radio module must not be installed to co-locate and operate simultaneously with other radios in the host system except by following FCC multi-transmitter product procedures. Additional testing and device authorization may be required to operate simultaneously with other radios.

The availability of some specific channels and/or operational frequency bands are country dependent and are firmware programmed at the factory to match the intended destination. The firmware setting is not accessible to the end-user.

The host product manufacturer is responsible for compliance with any other FCC rules that apply to the host not covered by the modular transmitter grant of certification. The final host product still requires Part 15 Subpart B compliance testing with the modular transmitter installed. Separate approval is required for all other operating configurations including portable configurations with respect to Part 2.1093 and different antenna configurations.

The end-user manual shall include all required regulatory information/warnings as shown in this manual, including “This product must be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20 cm between the radiator and user body”. The OEM integrator is responsible for ensuring that the end-user has no manual instructions to remove or install the module.

This device has got an FCC ID: 2ANDL-T1-2S. The end product must be labeled in a visible area with the following: “Contains Transmitter Module FCC ID: 2ANDL-T1-2S”.

This device is intended only for OEM integrators under the following conditions:

The antenna must be installed such that 20cm is maintained between the antenna and users, and the transmitter module may not be co-located with any other transmitter or antenna.

As long as the 2 conditions above are met, further transmitter tests will not be required. However, the OEM integrator is still responsible for testing their end-product for any additional compliance requirements required with this module installed.

Declaration of Conformity European Notice

T1-2S Module Datasheet

Hereby, Hangzhou Tuya Information Technology Co., Ltd declares that this module product is in compliance with essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU,2011/65/EU. A copy of the Declaration of Conformity can be found at https://www.tuya.com.

T1-2S Module Datasheet

This product must not be disposed of as normal household waste, in accordance with the EU directive for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE-2012/19/EU). Instead, it should be disposed of by returning it to the point of sale, or to a municipal recycling collection point.

The device could be used with a separation distance of 20cm from the human body.